The hottest Tianjin type printing factory promotes

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Tianjin type printing plant promotes the development of the media industry

among the countless small Western-style buildings in Tianjin, the Bavarian style building at No. 189, Jiefang North Road is not the most beautiful or the most prominent, but it is the most concerned. After its completion in 1886, it was the location of the Tianjin printing house and the first printing plant in Tianjin to use type. Not only a large number of foreign science and technology books and various exquisite Chinese and English books were printed and published here, but also the Beijing Tianjin times, which was quite influential at that time, was born here. Epstein, Shao Piaoping and other well-known people all came out and entered here. In the 165th issue of the Church News in 1871, there was an article introducing the Meihua library, which vividly showed the rapid development of the printing industry after the printing press entered China. The article writes: the book printing machine mentioned above is extremely skillful and fast. It can print hundreds of millions of papers at the age of. If Westerners use it in their own book printing houses, they use fire wheel machines to print, not to mention people's pulling machines and people's entering paper. In half an hour, they are allowed to print 5000 pages. One paper is separated, and there are several pages of the book. In half an hour, they can print about 50000 or 60000 pages of the book, which is more clever and fast

it was no accident that advanced printing equipment first appeared in Jincheng more than a hundred years ago. Before modern times, Tianjin was an important transportation hub in northern China. The Haihe River, which is formed by the convergence of the North Canal, Yongding River, Daqing River, Ziya River and the south canal, runs through the city and leads directly to the Bohai Sea, making Tianjin not only have smooth river transportation, but also natural sea transportation, and it is close to Beijing. At present, Western powers have coveted Tianjin for a long time. According to the Tianjin waterway thoroughfare map collected by Tianjin archives from Britain, we can see that they were eager to get Tianjin and prepared for plunder at that time

in 1655, the Dutch envoy Ge ye came to Beijing to pay tribute. When describing his impression of arriving at the port of Tianjin, he said that Tianjin, Guangdong and Zhenjiang were listed as three major ports, and he believed that Tianjin was dotted with temples, densely populated and frequent transactions. Such a prosperous business scene was rare in other parts of China. Then the Dutch envoy drew the map of Sancha estuary. In 1793, the British envoy magalny led a delegation to China to pay tribute to the 80th birthday of Emperor Qianlong. Arriving at Sanchakou in Tianjin, I appreciate the lively scene here. His entourage did some interesting research on the river system by setting different experimental speeds and parameters in the experimental process. A river flowing from the vicinity of the capital and a river connecting with other remote areas. The confluence of these two companion rivers will inevitably make Tianjin a lively place since China became a unified empire in the early days. After the magalni mission arrived in Dagu, Tianjin in August 1793, it immediately became interested in Tianjin. When he met Emperor Qianlong at Rehe summer resort in September, he eagerly proposed to open Ningbo, Zhoushan and Tianjin as trading ports, which were rejected. Although they did not complete the task of opening the door to China and exploring the Chinese market, they collected a large amount of political, economic and military intelligence during their stay in China, laying the groundwork for a series of wars they launched later

as the saying goes, if you are not afraid of thieves, you are afraid of thieves. From 1858 to 1859, a paper of the Tianjin treaty and the Beijing treaty made the great powers achieve their wishes, especially in the Beijing treaty, Tianjin was opened as a commercial port, especially in important terms. Since then, the concessions of nine countries of the Middle Kingdom have appeared on both sides of the Haihe River. They regard the concessions as their own territory and operate with heart. In particular, the British concession not only quickly established a consulate to control Tianjin Customs, opened foreign banks and banks, cultivated compradors, established churches, opened schools and hospitals, and exercised control over Tianjin from the political, economic, military and cultural aspects. Of course, in order to achieve the purpose of long-term control of Tianjin, the most important thing is to guide and strengthen the ideological and cultural field, which was better known than anyone by de Cui Lin, a British German who was then the tax department of Tianjin Customs. On November 16, 1886, he and the Prime Minister of Jardine Matheson, a British business, established the Chinese newspaper times, which is also the first modern Chinese newspaper in Tianjin. Then, in 1895, the British founded the second Chinese newspaper, the direct, by hannagan, the son-in-law of the German aristocrat and de Tralin

running a newspaper requires the introduction of advanced printing equipment, so de Cuilin set up a printing company and introduced type printing technology. When he arrived in hannagen, he not only set up Jingxing coal mine and racetrack, but also invested in changing the printing company into Tianjin printing house. From the content, the R & D bases of many large overseas chemical enterprises such as covestro and BASF were placed here to the printing, which comprehensively improved the quality. Why did hannagan invest in the renovation of the printing house? The answer was clearly written in the "direct report" in April 1895: it was originally planned to add eight more pieces of type in March. Yesterday, a lot of rare words were sent to Shanghai, but there were still few people who could use them, which prevented a sudden increase in the number of eight pieces. In this case, hannagan decided to make room and print everything. Hannagan's improvement of the "direct newspaper" and the reduction of advertisements gave Yanfu's pioneers a place to express their views. Looking at the newspapers at that time, we can find that at the beginning of its establishment, the newspaper published five articles of Yanfu in a row

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